In this post, we have provided Ncert Solutions for “Class 10 Geography Chapter 2” Forest and Wildlife Resources with questions and answers & exercises. Understand the different types of resources, their distribution, and the significance of sustainable development. Discover how resources shape economies and human societies. Reinforce your knowledge with key takeaways and review concepts to master this chapter.
Exercise | Ncert Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 Question Answer
1. Multiple Choice Questions.
(i) Which of these statements is not a valid reason for the depletion of flora and fauna?
(a) Agricultural expansion.
(b) Large-scale developmental projects.
(c) Grazing and fuelwood collection.
(d) Rapid industrialisation and urbanisation.
Answer: (c) Grazing and fuelwood collection.
(ii) Which of the following conservation strategies do not directly involve community participation?
(a) Joint forest management
(b) Beej Bachao Andolan
(c) Chipko Movement
(d) Demarcation of wildlife sanctuaries
Answer: (d) Demarcation of wildlife sanctuaries
2. Match The Following Animals With Their Category Of Existence.
|Animals/Plants||Category of existence|
|Andaman wild pig||Endangered|
|Himalayan Brown Bear||Vulnerable|
|Pink Head Duck||Endemic|
|Animals/Plants||Category of existence|
|Andaman wild pig||Endemic|
|Himalayan Brown Bear||Rare|
|Pink Head Duck||Extinct|
3. Match The Following.
|Reserved Forests||Other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities|
|Protected Forests||Forests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources is concerned|
|Unclassed Forests||Forest lands are protected from any further depletion|
|Reserved Forests||Forests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources is concerned|
|Protected Forests||Forest lands are protected from any further depletion|
|Unclassed Forests||Other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities|
4. Answer The Following Questions In About 30 Words.
(i) What is biodiversity? Why is biodiversity important for human lives?
Answer: Biodiversity refers to the variety of life forms such as plants, animals, and microorganisms on Earth. It encompasses the genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity, and is important for maintaining the balance and functioning of ecosystems. It provides various ecosystem services that are essential for human well-being.
Biodiversity is important for human lives because it provides a wide range of ecosystem services that are essential for human well-being, such as:
- It provides resources for human use, such as food, fuel, and fibre.
- It helps to regulate natural processes.
- It provides the necessary conditions for the existence of other ecosystem services, such as nutrient cycling and soil formation.
- It provides cultural, spiritual, and recreational benefits, such as aesthetic and educational value.
(ii) How have human activities affected the depletion of flora and fauna? Explain
Answer: Human activities have affected the depletion of flora and fauna in the following ways:
- Human activities such as logging, mining, urbanization, and agriculture have destroyed natural habitats of flora and fauna.
- The activities such as hunting, fishing, and poaching have overexploited many wild species, such as fish, mammals, and birds.
- Humans have polluted the air, water, and soil with chemicals, waste, and other pollutants, which can harm flora and fauna.
- Human activities, such as the burning of fossil fuels, have contributed to global climate change, which affects the distribution and survival of many species.
5. Answer The Following Questions In About 120 Words.
(i) Describe how communities have conserved and protected forests and wildlife in India.
Answer: Communities have conserved and protected forests and wildlife in India in the following ways:
- The Chipko movement in the Himalayas was a successful attempt to resist deforestation in several areas. The local communities hugged trees to prevent them from being cut down.
- Certain societies worship a particular tree such as the Mundas and the Santhals of the Chota Nagpur region worship Mahua and Kadamba trees. The tribals of Odisha and Bihar worship the tamarind and mango trees during weddings. Peepal and Banyan trees are sacred.
- In Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan, villagers, and environmental activists have been fighting against mining by citing the Wildlife Protection Act for many years.
- In the Alwar district of Rajasthan, the inhabitants of five villages have declared 1,200 hectares of forest as the Bhairodev Dakav ‘Sonchuri’. They have set up their own rules and regulations to protect the forest and wildlife from any outside encroachments.
- Communities in India have established community-managed wildlife reserves and conservation programs for specific species, such as tigers, elephants, and rhinos.
(ii) Write a note on good practices for conserving forests and wildlife.
Answer: Joint Forest Management (JFM) and Community Forest Management (CFM) programs are established to involve local communities in forest management and conservation activities. The government has implemented the Forest Conservation Act and the Wildlife Protection Act (1972) to regulate and monitor activities that can harm flora & fauna.
Various protected areas, such as national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and biosphere reserves, are established to protect and conserve wildlife habitats.
The government has established wildlife conservation centres, such as Project Tiger(1973) and Project Elephant, to protect and conserve endangered species.
Various communities, especially depending on forests for their livelihood, are increasingly taking an active role in forest and wildlife conservation.
FAQ | Class 10 Geography Chapter 2
What is the importance of forests and wildlife resources for the economy and society in India?
1. Forests and wildlife resources provide habitat and food for various species.
2. They purify the air and water and mitigate the impacts of natural disasters such as floods and landslides.
3. They provide a range of goods and services that contribute to the economy of the country.
4. They provide recreational opportunities and contribute to the overall well-being of society.
What are the different types of forests found in India?
There are five types of forests found in India.
i) Tropical Evergreen Forests
ii) Tropical Deciduous Forests
iii) Montane Forests
iv) Mangrove Forests
v) Desert Forests
What are the major threats to forests and wildlife resources in India?
The major threats to forests and wildlife resources in India are Deforestation and Habitat Loss, Poaching and Illegal Wildlife Trade, Human-Wildlife Conflict, Climate Change, etc.
What are the benefits of ecotourism in promoting forest and wildlife conservation in India?
Ecotourism can promote forest and wildlife conservation in India by providing economic incentives for local communities to preserve their natural resources.It can create jobs and income opportunities for local communities.
What measures are being taken to prevent human-wildlife conflicts in India?
Measures being taken to prevent human-wildlife conflicts in India are the creation of wildlife corridors and the relocation of problem animals to suitable habitats, the use of technology like drones and camera traps to monitor wildlife movement, etc.
The Ncert Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 provides students with a comprehensive understanding of the valuable ecological, economic, and cultural benefits of forests & wildlife resources. By studying and practising these NCERT solutions, students can enhance their knowledge, improve their problem-solving skills, and perform better in their exams. If you have any other queries about Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 Question Answer feel free to reach us so that we can revert back to you at the earliest possible.