As a new policy of education CBSE 2023-24, 50% of questions will be based on Multiple Choice questions. In this post, we have explained Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 MCQ & Extra Questions for the convenience of the students which will help them in scoring good marks on the exam. These concepts of Multiple Choice questions will help them to learn the chapter thoroughly. Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 MCQ & Extra Questions will assist students to prepare for their Social Science exam.
Resources and Development Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 MCQ
1. Which of the following is a natural resource?
Answer: a) Water
2. _______________ is a renewable resource.
c) Natural gas
d) Solar energy
Answer: d) Solar energy
3. A characteristic of a sustainable resource is ——.
a) It can not be replenished or regenerated
b) It is not finite
c) It can be used without causing harm to the environment
d) It can not be used without affecting future generations
Answer: c) It can be used without causing harm to the environment.
4. What is not a reason for the depletion of resources?
b) Climate change
c) Population growth
d) Conservation efforts
Answer: d) Conservation efforts
5. Which type of resource is coal?
a) non-renewable resource
b) renewable resource
c) both (a) & (b)
Answer: a) non-renewable resource
6. What is not a cause of soil erosion?
c) Use of pesticides
d) Heavy rainfall
Answer: c) Use of pesticides
7. Which is not a method of soil conservation?
a) Crop rotation
b) Terrace farming
d) Contour plowing
Answer: c) Urbanization
8. ____________________________ is not a characteristic of sustainable development.
a) Economic growth
b) Environmental protection
c) Social development
d) Exploitation of resources
Answer: d) Exploitation of resources
9. Which source of energy is not renewable?
a) Biomass energy
b) Hydroelectric energy
c) Nuclear energy
d) Geothermal energy
Answer: c) Nuclear energy
10. _____________________________ is not a measure for the conservation of forests?
d) Social forestry
Answer: b) Deforestation
11. Which one of the following is a renewable resource?
c) Solar energy
d) Fossil fuel
Answer: c) Solar energy
12. An example of a renewable resource
b) Natural gas
c) Geothermal energy
d) Nuclear energy
Answer: c) Geothermal energy
13. Which of the following is not a benefit of using renewable resources?
a) They are abundant
b) They are affordable
c) They are environmentally friendly
d) They are always available
Answer: d) They are always available
14. Fossil fuel power is a type of –
a) renewable resource
b) non-renewable resource
c) both (a) & (b)
Answer: b) non-renewable resource
15. Which of the following is a benefit of using wind power?
a) It produces pollution
b) It is expensive
c) It is a reliable source of energy
d) It is dependent on weather conditions
Answer: c) It is a reliable source of energy
16. What is a source of biomass energy?
c) Natural gas
d) both (a) & (b)
Answer: d) both (a) & (b)
17. A disadvantage of using solar power is
a) It is expensive to install
b) It produces pollution
c) It is dependent on weather conditions
d) It requires a lot of lands
Answer: c) It is dependent on weather conditions
18. Which of the following is a type of renewable resource that is generated from living or recently dead organisms?
a) Solar energy
b) Wind energy
c) Hydroelectric energy
d) Biomass energy
Answer: d) Biomass energy
19. Which of the following is not a type of hydropower?
a) Tidal power
b) Wave power
c) Geothermal power
d) Run-of-the-river power
Answer: c) Geothermal power
20. Which of the following is not a benefit of using renewable resources?
a) They reduce greenhouse gas emissions
b) They create jobs in the renewable energy industry
c) They decrease energy costs
d) They increase dependence on foreign oil
Answer: d) They increase dependence on foreign oil
21. Which of the following is an example of a community-owned resource?
a) Private forest land
b) Public park
c) Private beach
d) Private garden
Answer: b) Public park
22. Which of the following is an example of a state-owned resource?
a) Private oil reserve
b) Public school
c) Private hospital
d) Private transportation system
Answer: b) Public school
23. Which of the following is not an example of a common property resource?
d) Water bodies
Answer: c) Minerals
24. Which of the following is not an example of a private resource?
a) Personal vehicle
b) Private land
c) Public library
d) Private business
Answer: c) Public library
25. Which of the following is an example of a state-owned enterprise?
a) Private hospital
b) Public university
c) Private restaurant
d) Private gym
Answer: b) Public university
26. Which of the following is an example of a privately-owned resource?
a) National park
b) Public beach
c) Private farm
d) Public hospital
Answer: c) Private farm
27. Which of the following is not an example of a common property resource?
c) Oil reserves
d) Grazing lands
Answer: c) Oil reserves
28. Which of the following is an example of a private resource?
a) Public school
b) Private home
c) Public park
d) Public library
Answer: b) Private home
29. Which of the following is an example of a state-owned resource?
a) Private shopping mall
b) Public swimming pool
c) Private airport
d) Public road
Answer: d) Public road
30. Which of the following is not an example of a community-owned resource?
a) Public library
b) Community Garden
c) Public playground
d) Private amusement park
Answer: d) Private amusement park
31. The resource of ownership are
b) Pasture land
d) All of the above
Answer: d) All of the above
32. Resources Planning is essential for _________________existence of all forms of life.
a) ecological balance
d) none of these
Answer: b) sustainable
33. Where was the first International Earth Summit held?
a) Rio de Janeiro
Answer: a) Rio de Janeiro
34. Resources that are surveyed and their quality and quantity have been determined for utilization are known as ____
a) potential resources
c) developed resources
Answer: c) developed resources
35. Resources based on ownership are classified into-
a) two types
b) three types
c) four types
d) none of the above
Answer: c) four types
36. What type of resources are rocks?
Answer: a) Abiotic
37. Khadar is a type of
a) Black soil
b) Alluvial soil
c) Laterite soil
d) desert soil
Answer: b) Alluvial soil
38. In which state is Black soil found?
a) Jammu & Kashmir
Answer: b) Gujarat
39. Which is the most common soil in Northern India?
a) Black soil
b) Alluvial soil
c) Laterite soil
d) desert soil
Answer: b) Alluvial soil
40. Red soil is mostly found in-
a) Parts of Jammu & Kashmir
b) Upper Ganga Plain
c) South East parts of the Deccan Plateau
d) none of the above
Answer: c) South East parts of the Deccan Plateau
41. Black soils are commonly found in
a) Deccan trap
b) Kashmir Valley
c) Ganga Valley
d) Northern Plains
Answer: a) Deccan trap
42. Soil is formed by the process of
d) all the above
Answer:d) all the above
43. ‘There is enough for everybody’s need but not for anybody’s greed’. Who said this?
a) Jawaher Lal Nehru
b) Atal Bihari Bajpai
c) M.K. Gandhi
d) Sunder Lal Bahuguna
Answer: c) M.K. Gandhi
44. The alluvial soil consists of
d) all of the above
Answer: d) all of the above
45. Which important river system has formed alluvial soil?
a) Ganga basin
b) Kaveri basin
c) Beas basin
d) Godavari basin
Answer: a) Ganga basin
46. What is necessary for sustained quality of life and global peace?
a) stopping the use of resources
b) Saving resources for the future
c) Exploitation of resources
d) Equitable distribution of resources
Answer: d) Equitable distribution of resources
47. What is the percentage share of plains in the total land area?
Answer: a) 43%
48. What are shelterbelts?
a) cultivating making steps
b) Planting lines of trees to create shelter
c) Planting huge bush plants in the desert
d) Planting near water beds
Answer: b) Planting lines of trees to create shelter
49. When the topsoil is washed away it is called as-
a) sheet erosion
b) later erosion
c) soil erosion
d) land erosion
Answer: a) sheet erosion
50. Which region in India possesses rich reserves of minerals and fossil fuels?
Answer: b) Plateaus
Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers
1. What is resource development?
Answer: The process of using natural, human, and financial resources to create goods and services to improve the standard of living and economic growth is called resource development.
2. Resource Planning is a complex process but can’t be ignored. Why?
Answer: Resource planning is a complex process that cannot be ignored because it helps to ensure that resources are used efficiently and effectively, which is essential for achieving success and sustainability in any organization.
3. Which is the most abundantly available fossil fuel in India? Write down its three major forms.
Answer: Coal is the most abundantly available fossil fuel in India. The three major forms of coal found in India are:
- Bituminous Coal: It is used for electric power generation and has a carbon content ranging from 45% to 86%.
- Lignite Coal: It is a low-grade coal with a carbon content ranging from 25% to 35%. It is mainly used to generate power in thermal power plants.
- Anthracite Coal: It is a high-grade coal with a carbon content of more than 86%. It is used in industries such as iron and steel, cement, and chemical production, as well as for heating and cooking.
4. Define the term ‘Sustainable development’.
Answer: Sustainable development is a development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
5. “Natural Gas is an important source of energy”.Support the statement.
Answer: Natural gas is an important source of energy for several reasons:
- It is one of the cleanest-burning fossil fuels.
- It does not cause pollution.
- It can be used for heating, cooking, transportation, and electricity generation.
- It is cheaper than other fossil fuels
- It reduces greenhouse gas emissions and combats climate change.
6. Describe the different types of resource planning.
Answer: The different types of resource planning
- surveying, mapping, and measurement of resources
- managing technology infrastructure to support its operations and needs.
- Matching the resource development plans with overall national developments.
7. Write down some ways to solve the problems of land degradation in India.
Answer: Some ways to solve the problems of land degradation in India
- Promote sustainable agriculture practices such as crop rotation.
- Encourage the use of organic fertilizers and other natural methods to reduce soil erosion.
- Implement reforestation programs to restore degraded lands.
- Encourage the use of renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, and biogas to reduce reliance on fossil fuels.
- Implement strict regulations to prevent overgrazing, deforestation, and other harmful land use practices.
8. What do you mean by land use pattern? Name the factors that determine the use of land.
Answer: Land use pattern means the way in which a particular area of land is utilized by human beings for various activities such as agriculture, residential, industrial, commercial, recreational, and conservation purposes.
The following are the factors that determine the use of land:
- Physical features of the land such as topography, soil type, and water availability.
- Climate and weather conditions
- Socio-economic factors such as population density, income levels, and education.
- Technological advancements and the availability of transportation, communication, and energy.
- Government policies and regulations on land use and ownership.
- Market demand and economic factors such as the availability of capital, labor, and natural resources.
- Environmental factors such as biodiversity conservation, water quality, and air pollution control.
9. Why do we need to conserve mineral resources?
Answer: Mineral resources are finite and non-renewable. They cannot be renewed once they are exhausted. So it is important to conserve them to ensure their availability for future generations.
10. Distinguish between Khadar & Bangar.
|i) It is found farther away from rivers.||i) It is found farther away from rivers.|
|ii) It is composed of new alluvial soil.||ii) It is composed of old alluvial soil.|
|iii) It is rich in organic matter and nutrients.||iii) It is poor in organic matter and nutrients.|
|iv) It is more fertile.||iv) it is less fertile.|
|v) It is suitable for agriculture and cultivation||v) It is not suitable for agriculture|
11. What is soil erosion? What are the main causes of soil erosion?
Answer: The process by which soil is moved from one place to another by natural agents such as water, wind, and ice is called soil erosion.
The main causes of soil erosion are:
- Heavy rainfall and water flow in rivers can wash away soil particles, especially in areas with steep slopes
- Natural forces like Strong lead to the loss of topsoil and decreased soil fertility.
- Due to Human activities such as Deforestation, overgrazing, construction, and intensive agriculture
- Changes in weather events, such as floods and droughts lead to soil erosion.
- Soil type, structure, and slope can also affect the degree of erosion.
12. What are the biotic and abiotic resources? Give some examples.
Answer: Biotic resources- These are living things that can be used by humans. Examples
- Forests and trees
- Wildlife and fish
- Agricultural crops and livestock
Abiotic resources-These are non-living things that can be used by humans. Examples
- Minerals and rocks, such as iron and copper
- Water resources, such as rivers and groundwater
- Air and wind for energy production
- Sunlight for solar energy production
FAQs of Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 MCQ
1. What are National Resources?
All the resources available in a nation are considered National Resources. Examples- are minerals, wildlife, forests, water resources, etc.
2. What is a Net Sown Area?
The physical extent of land on which crops are sown and harvested is known as the net sown area.
3. What is the gross cropped area?
Area sown more than once a year plus the net sown area is known as gross cropped area.
4. What are the different types of resources in Class 10?
On the basis of Origin-Biotic and Abiotic.
On the basis of Exhaustibility-Renewable and Non-Renewable.
On the basis of Ownership-Individual, community, national and international.
On the basis of the status of development-potential, developed stock and reserves.
5. What are the three types of resources needed for development?
The three types of resources –human, natural, and capital are needed for development.
6. How resources are related to development?
There is a positive relationship between natural resources and economic development. An abundance of natural resources in a country means that development in that country will be much easier than in a country where not many natural resources are available.
7. What is the importance of resources?
Resources are essential for meeting human needs and supporting economic and social development.
Conclusion of Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 MCQ
I hope the information given above regarding Resources and Development Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 MCQ & Extra Questions has been helpful to an extent. If you have any other queries about NCERT Resources and Development Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Mcq or extra questions, feel free to reach us so that we can revert back to us at the earliest possible.