Resources and Development Class 10 Extra Questions Solutions

Resources and Development Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Question Answers are important resources for students to prepare for exams. Students will get to know how to write the answer to the questions through these solutions, which will help them in scoring good marks in the exam. These solutions will help them to learn how to write their answers by covering all the important details. Ncert Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 solutions assist students to prepare questions and answers for their Social Science exam.

Resources and Development Class 10 Question and Answers

A Flow Chart

Resources and Development Class 10 Question and Answers
Classification of Resources | Resources and Development Class 10

Resources and Development Class 10 Mcq

Multiple choice questions:
(i) Which one of the following types of resources is iron ore?
a. Renewable
b. Biotic.
c. Flow
d. Non-renewable

(ii) Under which of the following type of resources can tidal energy be put?
a. Replenishable
b. Human-made
c. Abiotic
d. Non-recyclable

(iii) Which one of the following is the main cause of land degradation in
a. Intense cultivation
b. Deforestation
c. Over irrigation
d. Overgrazing

(iv) In which one of the following states is terrace cultivation practiced?
a. Punjab
b. Plains of Uttar Pradesh
c. Haryana
d. Uttarakhand

(v) In which one of the following states is the black soil found?
a. Jammu and Kashmir
b. Maharashtra
c. Rajasthan
d. Jharkhand

(i) (d) Non-renewable
(ii) (a) Replenishable
(iii) (c) Overirrigation
(iv) (d) Uttarakhand
(v) (b) Gujarat

2. Answer the following questions in about 30 words.

(i) Name three states having black soil and the crop which is mainly grown in it.
Answer- Three states having black soil is-
a) Maharashtra
b) Madhya Pradesh
c) Gujarat
Cotton is the main crop that is grown in the black soil.

(ii) What type of soil is found in the river deltas of the eastern coast? Give three main features of this type of soil.
Answer- Alluvial soil is found in the river deltas of the eastern coast. The three main features of this type of soil are the following.
a) It is highly fertile soil.
b) It is rich in potassium and phosphoric acid and lime.
c) It has a high water retention capacity.

Resources and Development Class 10 Question and Answers
Alluvial soil

(iii). What steps can be taken to control soil erosion in hilly areas?
Soil erosion can be controlled in hilly areas through the following steps-
a) Shelter Belt Plantation-Planting a line of trees to create shelter checks soil erosion.
b) Terrace Cultivation-Steps can be cut out on the slopes making terraces to restrict soil erosion
c) Contour Ploughing –Contour plowing should be practiced to check the flow of water down the slopes.

(iv). What are the biotic and abiotic resources? Give some examples.
Answer- Biotic Resources-
The resources which are obtained from living organisms in our environment are called biotic resources. Examples-Human beings, animals, trees, insects, etc.
Abiotic Resources- All non-living things present in our environment are called abiotic resources.
Examples– Earth, water, metals, etc.

3. Answer the following questions in about 120 words.
(i) Explain the land use pattern in India and why has the land under forest not increased much since 1960-61.
Answer- The land use pattern in India:
Land resources in India are primarily divided into
a) Agricultural land -About 45.5% of the land is used as Net Sown Areas.
b) Forest land-About 18.11% of the land is under forest.
c) Pasture and grazing land,
d) Wasteland ( rocky, arid, and desert areas)
e) Land used for non-agricultural purposes like housing, roads, industry, etc.

The land under forest has not increased since 1960–61 because there is an increase in population and subsequent increase in demand for resources.

Resources and Development Class 10
land use pattern in India in 1960-61

(ii) How have technical and economic development led to more consumption of resources?
Answer-Technical and economic development has led to more consumption of resources in the following ways-
a) Technology development has led to industrialization which has increased the use of natural resources.
b) Means of transportation and Communication are developing due to technological development which has helped mobility of the resources.
c) Due to technological advancements, techniques of mining and quarrying are also improving, leading to safer mining and more resources, and more economic development.
d) Technology development has increased the production of quality goods and the provision of better services to the people.

Resources and Development Class 10 Extra Questions

1 What are resources? Give two examples.
Answer: The things which are available in our environment and we use them to fulfill our needs are called resources.
Examples- are soil, water, land, etc.

2. What is the role of human beings in the development of resources?
Answer- Human beings transform natural resources into valuable resources and use them.

3. Classify resources on the basis of origin.
Answer- On the basis of origin resources are divided into two types-
Biotic Resources: All living things which are obtained from the biosphere are called biotic resources.
Examples- are human beings, flora, and fauna, livestock, etc.
Abiotic Resources: All non-living things are called abiotic resources.
Examples-rocks and metals.

4. What do you mean by sustainable development?
Answer- Sustainable development means using resources without damaging the environment and development which does not compromise with the needs of the future generation.

5. What is Net Sown Area?
Answer- The physical extent of land on which crops are sown and harvested is known as Net Sown Area.

6. What is wasteland?
Answer-Waste land is the land that is not used for cultivation. It includes rocky, arid, and desert.

7. When and where was the first international Earth Summit held?
Answer- The first International Earth Summit was held in June 1992 in Rio de Janeiro in Brazil.

8. What is Agenda 21?
Answer– Agenda 21 is the declaration signed by world leaders at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED). Its aim is to achieve global sustainable development.

9. Name three states which are rich in minerals and coal deposits.
Answer- Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, and Madhya Pradesh.

10. Why is resource Planning essential?
Answer- Resource Planning is essential for the sustainable existence of all forms of life.

11. Which is the most common soil In Northern India?

Answer- Alluvial Soil is the most common soil In Northern India.

12. What is the total geographical area of India?

Answer- The total geographical area of India is 3.28 million km.

13. Write two factors on which resource development depends.

Answer- Human Skill & Technology

14. What is Gross Sown Area?
Answer- The area sown more than once in an agricultural year is known as Gross Sown Area.

15. What do you mean by ‘Fallow Land’?
Answer- The land that is left without cultivation for one or less than one agricultural year.

16. Name the states where the pattern of Net Sown Area is less than 10%.
Answer- Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur.

17. Which soil has high water retaining capacity?
Answer- Black soil has a high water retaining capacity.

18.  in which states, mining is responsible for land degradation?
Answer: Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh.

19. ‘There is enough for everybody’s need but not for anybody’s greed’. Who said this?
Answer– Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi ( Mahatma Gandhi)

20. What do mean by ‘Developed Resources’?
Answer- The Resources which are surveyed and their quantity and quality that have been determined for utilization are known as Developed Resources.

21. What is a stock?
Answer- Materials in the environment have the potential to satisfy human needs but human beings do not have the appropriate technology to access these.

Resources and Development Class 10 Notes

Read Here: NCERT Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Notes | Easy Concept

FAQ | Resources and Development Class 10

What is sustainable development?

Sustainable development refers to meeting the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

What are resources and development class 10?

Resource and development” is a term that refers to the management and use of natural resources in a sustainable manner to support economic, social, and environmental goals.

What are the main factors for the development of resources 

The development of resources can be influenced by a variety of factors, including:
1. Natural factors: land, water, minerals, and forests
2. Technological factors: Information and communication, Recycling, and waste management
3. Economic factors: taxation, subsidies, trade agreements, and regulations
4. Political factors: Political stability, government policies, and regulations
5. Social factors: education, population growth, and cultural attitudes

What are the different types of resources?

Natural resources, Human-made resources, and Human resources.

How are resources classified based on exhaustibility?

On the basis of exhaustibility, resources are classified into renewable and non-renewable

How can we conserve natural resources for future generations?

We can conserve natural resources by practicing sustainable consumption and responsible management.

What is the role of the government in managing and regulating resources?

The government plays a role in managing and regulating resources through policies and laws to ensure sustainable use and equitable distribution.

Give some examples of renewable and non-renewable resources.

Renewable resources: Solar energy, wind energy, water, and timber.
Non-renewable resources: Fossil fuels & minerals, and uranium.

What is the difference between natural resources and human-made resources?

Natural resources are naturally occurring substances found in the environment, while man-made resources are created by humans using natural resources.

What do you mean by the term “resource development”?

The process of using and improving available resources to meet human needs and economic growth is called resource development.


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