The chapter begins by explaining the significance of the government’s involvement in the health sector. Role of the Government in Health Class 7 Political Science Chapter 2 helps students understand the reasons why the government plays a crucial role in ensuring access to healthcare for all citizens. This blog provides answers to the questions covered in the chapter and helps students in their examinations.
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Political Science Chapter 2
1. In this chapter, you have read that health is a wider concept than illness. Observe this quote from the Constitution and explain the terms ‘living standard’ and ‘public health’ in your own words. An important aspect of the Constitution says it is the “duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health”.
Answer: Living standard
The quality of life that common people experience such as access to basic amenities, economic stability, educational opportunities, social support systems, and overall material well-being.
A high living standard means a decent standard of living, such as adequate food, shelter, healthcare, education, and opportunities for personal growth and fulfillment.
It means the healthcare of all citizens by the government. It aims to prevent diseases, mortality rate, birth rate, nutrition index, etc. & promote healthy behaviors, ensure to healthcare services, and create favorable social and environmental conditions for good health.
2. What are the different ways through which the government can take steps to provide healthcare to all? Discuss.
Answer: The government can take several steps to provide healthcare to all. Some different ways are as follows:
i. By establishing a universal healthcare system all its citizens, especially the poor & the disadvantaged.
ii. By establishing and upgrading hospitals, clinics, and primary healthcare centers in both rural and urban areas.
iii. By providing financial help to Gram Panchayats & municipalities.
iv. By providing basic services & amenities like safe drinking water, sanitation, nutrition & housing.
v. By providing knowledge about health as an essential part of education at all levels.
3. What differences do you find between private and public healthcare services in your area? Use the following table to compare and contrast these.
|Facility||Cost of Services||Availability of Service|
|Facility||Cost of services||Availability of service|
|Private||very expensive||New automatic machines, neat & clean rooms, trained staff, foreign techniques.|
|Public||almost free or very low cost||Very few staff, few obsolete machines, slow services|
4. ‘Improvement in water and sanitation can control many diseases.’ Explain with the help of examples.
Answer: Improving water and sanitation can control many diseases. If there is no proper clean water and proper sanitation facilities, there is the possibility of spreading many diseases such as cholera, typhoid, jaundice, and dysentery.
For Example: in Patalpuram shortage of drinking water and an improper sanitation system led to the spread of diarrhea.
In-Text Questions | Class 7 Political Science Chapter 2
Textbook Page 19
1. Would you associate all or some of these pictures with ‘health’? In what ways? Discuss in groups.
Answer: Some of these pictures are associated with ‘health’ in different manners:
i) Slum Area:
Improper sanitary & unhygienic conditions are shown which effect on health.
ii) Shortage of Water:
A number of pots and buckets show the shortage of water which causes insanitation.
iii) Mobile Ambulance:
It shows the modern facilities provided by the government to improve health.
iv) Operation Theatre:
it shows the care of health problems of the patient by the doctors.
2. Pick two situations from the above collage that are not related to illness and write two sentences on how they are related to health.
Answer: Two situations from the above college that are not related to illness are the following:
i) The picture showing doctors, indicates that by learning proper techniques and methods they can cure us of many harmful diseases.
ii) The picture showing trees and plants indicates a healthy environment which helps to maintain good health.
Textbook Page 20
3. In India, it is often said that we are unable to provide health services for all because the government does not have enough money and facilities. After reading the above columns do you think this is true? Discuss.
Answer: It is false to say that India is unable to provide health services for all due to a lack of money and facilities.
Now India has the largest number of medical colleges in the world.
Healthcare facilities have grown.
India gets a large number of medical tourists from many countries.
India is the fourth largest producer of medicines in the world.
Textbook Page 24
4. Where do you go when you are ill? Are there any problems that you face? Write a paragraph based on your experience.
Answer: When we are ill, we go to the civil hospital. The following problems are faced by us:
i) long waiting times for diagnostic tests or procedures.
ii) There is a great crowd.
iii) There is a shortage of healthcare professionals.
iv) There is a lack of specialized services.
v) There are Inefficient administrative processes.
5. What problems did Aman face in the public hospital? How do you think the hospital can work in a better manner? Discuss.
Answer: Problems faced by Aman in the public hospital were the following:
i) He had to wait in a long queue at the OPD counter & for a blood test.
ii) He got the test results after three days.
The hospital can work in a better manner by taking the following steps:
i) by increasing the number of doctors, nurses, and helpers.
ii) By adopting new technology, new machines, and a number of new labs.
6. Why did Ranjan have to spend so much money? Give reasons.
Answer: Ranjan had to spend so much money because of the following reasons:
- His father took him to a private nursing home for treatment.
- He had to buy medicines from the market.
- He had to spend money on consultations, tests, etc.
7. What problems do we face in private hospitals? Discuss.
Answer: The problems we face in private hospitals are the following:
- Private hospitals are very expensive.
- Patients have to pay a lot of money for each service & test such as blood tests, urine tests OPD, etc.
- Workers are very keen to earn money. They demand extra money to provide facilities.
Textbook Page 25
8. In what ways is the public health system meant for everyone?
Answer: The public health system is meant for everyone in the following ways:
This system is run by the government with the taxes given by people.
This provides quality healthcare services either free or at a low cost.
Textbook Page 26
9. Private health facilities can mean many things.
Answer: Private health facilities can mean many things.
Private health facilities provide a range of amenities such as comfortable rooms, personalized care, shorter waiting times, and a choice of healthcare providers.
Conclusion of Class 7 Political Science Chapter 2
The Ncert Solution Class 7 political science chapter 2 “Role of the Government in Health” provides students with a comprehensive understanding of the health system in India. By studying and practicing this Ncert solution, students can enhance their knowledge, improve their problem-solving skills, and perform better in their exams. If you have any other queries about Ncert Class 7 political science chapter 2 “Role of the Government in Health” feel free to reach us so that we can get back to you at the earliest possible.
FAQ for Class 7 Political Science Chapter 2
What is the name of Chapter 2 in Civics Class 7 Ncert?
Role of the Government in Health
What is the role of government in health chapter 2 Civics class 7?
The government can provide healthcare for all appropriate facilities such as health centers, hospitals, laboratories for testing, ambulance services, blood banks, etc.
What are the key roles of the state government class 7?
The government works through various departments like the public works department, agriculture, health, and education. It has the power to make new laws for the state