Resources Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Notes | Easy Concept

In this post, Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Notes we’ll take a closer look at the Resources found in nature & what are their uses. Resources are important to achieve our goals and improve our well-being. Students will get to know about the Resources, and Types of Resources in detail, which will help them in scoring good marks on the exam. These notes will help them to learn how the Resources are useful for us. Geography Chapter 1 notes will assist students to prepare an internal assessment for their Social Science exam.

What are Resources?

The things that can be used to fulfill a need of human beings, such as materials, tools, energy, time, etc are known as resources.
Sunlight, coal, water & electricity are resources. All of these have utility. It is the utility of the objects that give each of them a value. Some resources have economic value, some have aesthetic value.
Some resources have become economically valuable with time. Time & technology are two important factors that can change a substance into an important resource.
Human beings are important resources who can create important resources with their ideas, skills & knowledge.

How Many Types Of Resources Are There? 

Resources are classified into three types:

  • Natural Resources
  • Human Made Resources
  • Human Resources
Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Notes

Let’s discuss each of them one by one:

What are Natural Resources?

The things that are found in the natural environment & are of value to humans are called natural resources; for example, water, air, sunlight, plants & animals. Natural Resources can be classified into various categories based on different characteristics:

  • On the basis of origin
  • On the basis of renewability
  • On the basis of development
  • On the basis of Distribution
Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Notes

On the Basis of Origin:

On the basis of origin, natural resources are classified into two types-Biotic & abiotic resources.

Biotic Resources:

Biotic resources are living or organic resources that are obtained from the biosphere such as animals, plants, and microorganisms. These are important for maintaining ecological balance and biodiversity. These can be reproduced & regenerated.

Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Notes

Abiotic Resources

Abiotic resources are non-living or inorganic resources, such as minerals, metals, and fossil fuels, that are obtained from the earth’s crust, atmosphere, and oceans. These resources are important for economic development and industrial production.

Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Notes

On the Basis of Renewability:

On the Basis of Renewability, natural resources are classified into two types-Renewable & Non-renewable.

Renewable Resources

Renewable resources can be replenished or regenerated easily, such as solar, wind, hydro, geothermal, and biomass energy. These resources are considered sustainable because they can be used without depletion.

Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Notes

Non-renewable Resources

Non-renewable resources are natural resources that cannot be regenerated within a short period of time, such as fossil fuels, minerals, and metals. These resources are finite and limited. These get exhausted with overconsumption. Some of these can be reused, while others cannot be reused.

Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Notes

On the Basis of Development

On the Basis of development, natural resources are classified into two types-Actual Resources & Potential Resources

Actual Resources

The resources that have been surveyed, their quantity and quality determined and are being used in the present times; for example, petroleum & natural gas. Its development depends upon the technology available, demand for the resource, and the cost involved in production.

Potential Resources

The resources that exist in a region may be used in the future but not be fully utilized at present; for example, western Rajasthan has enormous potential for the development of wind and solar power, but they have not yet been developed fully.

On the Basis of Distribution

On the basis of distribution, natural resources are classified into two types-Ubiquitous and Localised Resources.

Ubiquitous Resources

These resources can be found everywhere, for example, sunlight, wind, and water. These resources are available to each of us equally.

Localized Resources.

These resources can be found only in certain parts of the world; for example, copper, iron ore, coal, and petroleum.

What Are Human-Made Resources?

The resources that are produced by humans through their knowledge, skills, and efforts. These resources are the result of human activities and inventions. For example buildings, roads, bridges, machines, tools, vehicles, factories, computers, and other technological devices.
Human beings convert natural resources into useful products with their knowledge & technology to satisfy their needs.

What Are Human Resources?

Human beings are a very special resource on the Earth. Human Resources mean the people who work in an organization, business, or industry. They are the employees & are responsible for carrying out various tasks and functions to achieve their goals and objectives such as managers, executives, technicians, support staff, etc. They use their knowledge & skill to convert natural resources into valuable & usable forms.
For example, iron ore which is a natural resource is converted into steel & iron by using human skill & knowledge.

Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Notes

Why Do We Need To Conserve Resources?

Conservation of resources is essential for the future and to prevent their depletion because many natural resources are non-renewable, once they are depleted, they cannot be replaced. The excess use of natural resources can have negative environmental and social impacts, such as pollution, and deforestation.
To avoid these problems, resource conservation is important & it is necessary for sustainable development, environmental protection, and the well-being of present and future generations.

How Can We Conserve Resources?

Resources are essential for survival so we should conserve them by following some ways:

  • By reducing our consumption, reusing products, and recycling materials.
  • By reducing energy consumption and saving resources.
  • By using alternative sources of energy such as solar, wind, or hydro.
  • By using public transportation, walking, or biking instead of driving alone.
  • By buying locally produced goods.
  • Using reusable products such as cloth bags, water bottles, and containers.
  • Sustainable agriculture practices such as crop rotation and conservation tillage.
  • Conserving water by fixing leaks, using low-flow showerheads, and watering plants in the morning or evening.
  • Protecting natural habitats such as forests, wetlands, and coral reefs.
  • Educating ourselves and others about the importance of resource conservation.

Also Read :- NCERT Solutions for Class 8th Geography Chapter 1 & Extra Questions Answers


The Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 provides students with a comprehensive understanding of the various aspects of the resources. By studying and practicing these NCERT notes, students can enhance their knowledge, improve their problem-solving skills, and perform better in their exams. You can access them by visiting the website. If you have any other queries about Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Resources feel free to reach us so that we can revert back to us at the earliest possible.


1. What are resource class 8 notes?

The things that can be used to fulfill a need of human beings, such as materials, tools, energy, time, etc are known as resources.
Resources are classified into three types:
Natural Resources
Human Made Resources
Human Resources

2. What are the three types of resources?

Resources are classified into three types:
Natural Resources
Human Made Resources
Human Resources

3. What is the importance of resources?

Resources are important because they provide the necessary means to do work, achieve goals, and sustain life. Without resources, it would be difficult to meet our basic needs or make progress toward a better future.

4. What are resources also called?

Resources are also called inputs or factors of production because they are used in the production of goods and services.

5. What is the best use of resources called?

The best use of resources is called efficient allocation. It means using resources carefully and giving them time to get renewed.

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